The ankle joint forms the connection between the 2 bones of the lower leg, the tibia and fibula- and the talus bone on the top of the foot. Proper strength and mobility of this area is critical in many athletic activities as the ankle serves as both a pivot point, and as an energy transfer station between the body and the ground. For stability, the ankle relies on a complex system of muscles, tendons, and ligaments that surround the ankle in all directions. The muscles, which begin high in the lower leg just below the knee, have long tendons that travel down across the ankle and attach into the heel and the foot. It is these muscles that must contract to protect and stabilize the foot and ankle. When there is adequate strength, flexibility, and balance of these muscles the chances of injury is greatly reduced.
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