The hip consists of a “ball-and-socket” joint that is formed between the Femoral Head and the Acetabulum, a part of the Pelvic Bone. As a result of its shape the hip joint is capable of a wide range of motion in all directions – forward and backwards, side-to-side, and rotation inwards and outwards. In addition to this large range of motion it is important to understand that because the hip joint joins the leg to the trunk there is a tremendous amount of force that must pass through this region with daily activities. Due to the high amount of force, combined with the large range of motion, the hip must rely on a complex system of muscles to control and protect the area.
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When talking about injuries there are 2 main types – acute and repetitive. Acute injuries occur following a single event, such as a fall or hard collision. Repetitive injuries, like the name implies, occur slowly over time as a result of performing the same motion over and over again.
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Shoulder pain is usually mechanical. That means that the structure is fine, no fractures or tears. Instead, the way the shoulder is moving may be a contributing factor to the painful symptoms. The shoulder is a freely movable joint in which its health depends heavily on the muscles that control and support it to be in balance. The shoulder also requires stability from the scapula (shoulder blades).
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Using heat or ice as a form of treatment is easy, inexpensive, and can be very effective if done correctly. These forms of therapy, more or less, help control blood flow. Generally speaking, ice is used to constrict blood vessels with a goal of decreasing inflammation, while heat will increase blood flow and ultimately bring more oxygen to tissues. Although there are many specific conditions that may require one versus the other, the timing of when each are applied is important.
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Bursitis is caused by inflammation of one or more of the bursa(s) which typically surround and protect certain joints. A bursa is a small fluid-filled sack. The job of a bursa is to cushion and protect by preventing friction between bone and the overlying tendons and muscles.
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Your thoracic spine starts just below your neck and continues to the level just above your belly button. It consists of 12 vertebrae and also articulates with all 12 sets of your ribs. Although everyone’s mechanics are different, for most people movement here is crucial. Continue reading “Thoracic Spine Mobility” »